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Indonesia: Sustainable candlenut and castor biomass supply chains

General information
Project location: Lombok, Indonesia
Consortium: Fauna & Flora International (FFI), FFI-Indonesia Programme (FFI-IP), PT Export Leaf Indonesia (ELI), Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH (BSH)
External financing: Global Sustainable Biomass Fund
Project period: May 2010 - April 2013

Advance Consulting has been successful in acquiring a subsidy from the Global Sustainable Biomass Fund (GSBF) on behalf of Fauna & Flora International (FFI) in the United Kingdom. FFI is the oldest international conservation organization, involved in a series of projects that directly protect species or habitats. The organisation has been recognised for its ground breaking forest carbon work in Indonesia and other locations around the world, leading to several Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot projects.

Through its Indonesian country programme, Indonesian company PT Export Leaf Indonesia (ELI) (which is the subsidiary of the international tobacco group British American Tobacco), and Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH (BSH) in Germany, FFI is implementing a project to promote the sustainability of certified candlenut and castor bean biomass chains.

Lombok is facing major challenges to its energy supply, natural resources, and local economy. Over the last decade, the dominant fuel for household cooking and for post-harvest processing of agricultural products and other rural industries has been kerosene. The currently-available substitute fuels, liquid petroleum gas in canisters for households, and coal, have generated substantial economic and environmental issues, respectively. This raises the specter of deforestation, watershed destruction, and biodiversity reduction within and about Gunung Rinjani National Park in Lombok, Indonesia.

The project is targeting both industrial biomass / biofuel burners and households to make a long-term switch to locally available biomass. The project consortium promotes fuel feedstock such as candlenut and castor bean within individual farms, households, community forests, and public watersheds. These products were chosen because they are relatively widely available in Lombok, and have established market channels.

The partners are collaboration with Singapore based biomass and biofuel company Sustainable Trade and Consulting (STC), and with local NGOs like Konsepsi and Lumbung (active in the fields of farmer land and forest management). Furthermore, the Dutch Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) in collaboration with Lombok University UNRAM will assess the impact of the project against the Cramer Criteria on sustainability. Advance Consulting is carrying out business planning and project administration.

In Lombok, a number of 20 nurseries will be set up, involving 2,500 producers. At least 1,250 farmers and 100 entrepreneurs will be trained in producing and handling sustainable biomass and biofuels. Processing facilities have been constructed already, while the candlenut farmers have organized themselves into a co-operative. Processing and sales of candlenut (shells, kernel) is facilitated by the project’s Association which also provides long-term support to farmers. Towards the end of the 3-year project, Plan Vivo certification will be acquired for the candlenut commercial supply chain.


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